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Porto Colom

Towns of Mallorca - Town history
South East - Porto Colom

Porto Colom
 

Felanitx
971 58 00 51
Four archaeological sites in the area show that Porto Colom has been inhabited since the earliest of times. These sites are the prehistoric cave of Sa Punta and the large stone structures called Navetes at S'Antigor, Sa Punta and Es Closos de Ca'n Gaia.

The area was captured by the Catalans in 1230 and was passed to the ownership of Jaume I in 1241. During the 15th and 16th century because of the threat of pirates a defence tower was built overlooking the port entrance in 1570,this tower was demolished in 1919.

In the 18th century the Felanitx area became the leading wine and brandy producer of the Island (in 1749 there were over 60 distilleries in the area) and the exportation of these products converted Porto Colom into one of the leading Ports of the Island. The Port was improved and in 1823 a small dock was built along with a custom house in 1857 and the lighthouse which was built in the years 1862/3.Trade reached it peak in the years up to 1879 when nearly 15 million litres of wine were shipped. In 1891 phylloxera began to decimate the areas vines and production went into a decline.

The Yacht club was founded in 1979 and opened in 1980 with 252 berths (there are now nearly 500 berths). The first hotel was the Hostal Porto Colom, opened in 1954 and overlooking the harbour and the bay.

In 1925 there were 289 houses in the port and 254 of these were summer homes for families in Felanitx.

The local church dedicated to the Virgen del Carmen and situated in the Plaza Sant Jaume was built between 1884 and 1898 although the oratorio was built in 1808.The architect was Pere d'Alcantara Peņa.


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